Protection is commonly defined as “all activities aimed at obtaining full respect for the rights of the individual in accordance with the letter and spirit of the relevant bodies of law, namely human rights law, international humanitarian law and refugee law” (Source). Hence, it is correct to assume that protection covers all activities and projects implemented by the different agents working with refugees, and this does not only include legal protection such as the provision of refugee documents, but also everyday tasks such as casework and recreational activities.
Legal protection of refugees does not start when the individuals receive legal refugee status. It starts from the moment the person arrives at the borders of the potential country of asylum
IRHRI works to create partnerships to protect the rights of refugees and also promotes community-based protection by educating refugees and empowering them to speak up for their rights. Additionally, we advocate for favourable policies and legislation for refugees and also engage in stakeholder coordination and capacity-building activities to advance refugee protection at the policy level. Partners include refugee community leaders, refugee organizations, civil society groups, government agencies, UNHCR, hospitals, schools, universities, lawyers, and other professionals. This coordination and capacity building allows us to refer clients to needed services and training; build capacity in the sector on refugee rights; develop joint initiatives to advance policy change to increase refugee protection; and, as appropriate, support strategic litigation by other non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to advance refugee rights. As part of its legal protection work, IRHRI also partners with local NGOs, resettlement country governments, and UNHCR to ensure the integrity of the refugee resettlement system and to advocate and promote durable solutions such as local integration, and safe and voluntary repatriation, and resettlement.
IRHRI sets out criteria for applicants to qualify for refugee status or subsidiary protection status and sets out the rights afforded to persons who have been granted one of those statuses. They include the right to a residence permit, travel document, access to employment, and access to education, social welfare, healthcare, and access to accommodation, access to integration facilities, as well as specific provisions for children and vulnerable persons. More specifically
- Clarifies the grounds for granting and withdrawing international protection
- Regulates exclusion and cessation grounds
- Improves the access of beneficiaries of international protection to rights and integration measures
- Takes into account the specific practical difficulties faced by beneficiaries of international protection
- Ensures that the best interest of the child and gender-related aspects are taken into account in the assessment of asylum applications, as well as in the implementation of the rules on the content of international protection
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